Here is the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” In the event that you missed the very first article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him with their pediatrician.
Let me back up and give you details about what they’re experiencing.
They’ve a three and a half year old young boy who’s a vintage’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is extremely delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a tablet and cell phone extremely well as many of his peers do.
Initially, I believed it absolutely was incredible to view him wrap his little fingers around the household iPad or his mother’s mobile phone, swiping through icons to get to a particularly entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the game several rounds, he swipes back once again to the main screen to open up another app where he watches a bout of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way into a character’s belly.
If they try to take away the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a tantrum that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the floor, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He seems to prefer the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
There are occasions when they’re the only real issues that will keep him quiet.
He’s what on the surface be seemingly symptoms of autism, nevertheless the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to obtain him fully evaluated until he’s 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match with autism, and believes that’ll be correctly diagnosed should they wait.
Based on their reading, his parents think he might be diagnosed with Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the general population and is commonly heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies declare that SPD is frequently inherited.
Nobody in either family has SPD, and apart from very few symptoms, he does unfit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they have is he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills which can be poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a gentle on and off).
He is extremely physically active (especially together with his constant physical exercise, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to lack of discipline, but he is affectionate with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He features a great appetite and eats pretty much anything put in front of him, does well in crowds and generally around others as long as he does not need to truly have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pen and fists one just like a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far more than he lets on. He doesn’t imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he’s cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to determine how delayed, because of the form of kid he’s and his not enough discipline that for me, his parents have not invested the time in developing.
The sole word that he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, which will be baby talk that contains words however not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is bound and is apparently what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He does not seem to have the thought of putting a phrase by having an image other than what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they have learn about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay doesn’t appear to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Over the course of the evaluations, these were asked how much screen time he has each day. They figure he averages 45 to 60 minutes each day; from what I’ve observed I believe it higher and nearer to 90 minutes spread through the day.
A product / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one on one interaction. Most of us lead busy lives and the few minute of a rest it allows were harmless, roughly they thought.
The speech therapist pointed out for them the information from a recently available Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time related to speech delays in young children.” The research “suggests the more time children under 2 years of age spend playing with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the much more likely they are to start talking later.”
“According to the study, 20 percent of kids under age two spend about 30 minutes each day using screens, resulting in an almost 50 percent increased threat of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and 2 yrs old.
The results of the study demonstrated that there’s a 49% increased possibility of delayed speech for every single extra 30 minutes spent using a touchscreen, be it a product, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Think about this for some moments:
• 10% of US children under age 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had access to a product or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a tablet or mobile phone.
According to a Nielsen Study, a lot more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A current Journal of Pediatrics study showed that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a mobile device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they work with a mobile device to put their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under age 3 has grown a lot more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on their cognitive development.
There is little scientific data on the results of long-term utilization of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp upsurge in small children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness is growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is a well-accepted contributing factor resulting from the early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as iPads, tablets, and smartphones are proven to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an important sleep hormone, which inhibits the natural bodily rhythms, leading to sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because it’s the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can be able to penetrate all the best way to the back of the attention, through the eyes’natural filters, and this is the issue. Long-term exposure causes injury to the retina.
Presently, there’s broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury is still out.
Pediatricians and child development experts agree that while passive screen time facing a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games might be entertaining, it’s not going to provide a wealthy learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And you will find developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a video or TV running in the backdrop negatively affects their development when a child is engaged in play and learning. This can be a distraction from the duty accessible and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This is a big concern: if students are left with screen-based babysitters such as for instance tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they are not reaching parents and siblings or the true world.
There are only so many hours in one day, and the full time spent on screens comes at a higher price, taking time from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under age three need a well-balanced number of activities, ranging from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time and energy to explore nature, handling and having fun with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers alongside adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to this update, AAP had established that the overall screen time limit of no more than no two hours per day facing the TV for children over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour daily for kids 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for children 6 years of age and older.
• Under age18 months there should be no screen time allowed and they ought to not be exposed to any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development that makes them the most at risk of screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we need to remember that we are our children’s main role models, therefore the habits we have we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We need to be very conscious of our personal behaviors and this means turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with the TV and laptop and being in the here and now with our kids.
Kids can tell when our heads continue to be on the email we just continue reading our phone. By not watching them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we need to begin a media spare time everyday and spend now with this attention 100% centered on our children and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. That is family time. Exactly the same is valid for many bedrooms. Bedrooms are designed for sleeping.
The three methods for making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this may become embedded into the mind a whole lot faster. In order to execute this, find a tune that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Obtain the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Encourage them to sing it together and having the tune into their head. After this, we could quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points which are in the actual text. Make it short and quick, and when they have the hang of it, let them sing again. After this, try building a game out of it. Select individual students to select a phrase on that and change the tense out of it. This would let them have plenty of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in ab muscles light-hearted way.
2. Make it right into a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into an opposition will be a much more fun. This will often motivate them to master faster. Amongst teenagers, this can be quite a lot more effective whenever we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone will be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell an account: Another way to create grammar only a little easier to know is to instruct it in the shape of storytelling. Obtain the students to create a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a range to the overall finished story. If you will find any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before the end. When the whole story is completed and written on the board, let students show up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the entire class involved and ask the students questions as to the reasons certain tenses are how they are. Having something to concentrate on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a great deal easier.
The advantages of the above methods of learning grammar are that they draw the eye of the students to new grammatical structures because it may be the fun method to learn. However, there’s a huge disadvantage if these strategies are employed constantly. The students might not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I think, the above mentioned approaches to learning grammar must certanly be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar may also be made fun and participating in these ways such as:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We can teach and practice any verb tense in a great way. Let the students choose their favorite sports star or celebrities. Find a quick biography or write one by yourself summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. Read the bio together with your students and make sure they understand the differences. Contrast usage of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut fully out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to show comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is fantastic for novices including small children. Cut fully out a listing of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you might use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and ask them to put what in two piles, depending on the article. Once they’ve their piles ready, ask them if they are able to determine the rule themselves.
The author Yasmin M Elias is just a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She can be an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part-time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a best seller.
Being fully a preschool teacher could be exciting in addition to scary when you have to deal with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it provides you with to be able to be with innocent children who is able to amaze you occasionally making use of their unimaginable acts. At once, they can cause utter chaos and give you at your tethering ends. You may even get a frustration and feel helpless at times. While some small children get adjusted to the institution surroundings in much less time, an important percentage of kids take care to get knowledgeable about the brand new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it’s difficult to manage a bunch of kids of such young age, taking the right efforts to obtain them involved with various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. Here is a set of different activities a preschool teacher can ingest his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a brief attention span, you must give attention to keeping activities which are short and simple to understand. The kids often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that will keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to understand what happens next. You can arrange fun games between a couple or band of students by using pictures or even a game which involves moving round the class to discover the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
With art and craft activities, you can encourage the kids to paint their ideas and bring out creativity in them. It can help guess what happens all thoughts carry on in the young mind and also learn their regions of interest. It will teach them the best usage of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and find out how these specific things can be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
As opposed to verbally teaching certain concepts, try to portray them with the aid of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to grasp what exactly more effectively. You are able to convey the lessons by dramatizing a component or the whole story together with your colleagues. Also, you may make use of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The little ones are usually interested in learning new things and often drift off to places in the classroom if they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class while they help stimulate mental performance and enhance memory in kids. Additionally it aids in developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As much children of the same age group bond in a preschool, the chances of conflicts between them are usually high. To avoid this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the youngsters and also urge them to share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He or she must motivate the students to participate in group games.
While worksheets are less common in this age, you’ll have creative worksheets for the kids to simply help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You are able to keep simple pages where the kid is expected to complement similar objects, draw images about a particular topic or even color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this particular generation have the capacity to catch more should they hear repetitive things. Try narrating exactly the same story for a week and question them to repeat it the next time when you hold on the role cards.
To make the preschool a familiar place, permit notes from parents or allow the kid to create his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you’ll have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is not any easy task and requires a lot of patience, planning innovative activities will help the youngsters enjoy and also make sure they are feel comfortable.