This is the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” In the event that you missed the very first article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him to their pediatrician.
Let me back up and offer you details about what they’re experiencing.
They have a three and a half year old little boy who is a classic’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is very delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a tablet and mobile phone very well as much of his peers do.
Initially, I believed it was incredible to watch him wrap his little fingers around the family iPad or his mother’s cellular phone, swiping through icons to access a particularly entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the game a couple of rounds, he swipes back once again to the key screen to open up another app where he watches a bout of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way right into a character’s belly.
If they attempt to remove the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a tantrum that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the floor, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He generally seems to prefer the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
Solutions when they’re the only issues that will keep him quiet.
He has what on top look like apparent symptoms of autism, but the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to obtain him fully evaluated until he is 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match up with autism, and believes which will be correctly diagnosed should they wait.
Based on their reading, his parents think he might be diagnosed with Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the typical population and is commonly heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies declare that SPD is generally inherited.
No-one in either family has SPD, and besides very few symptoms, he does not fit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they’ve is he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills that are poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a mild on and off).
He is extremely physically active (especially together with his constant physical activity, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to lack of discipline, but he is affectionate together with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He features a great appetite and eats virtually anything put before him, does well in crowds and generally around others as long as he does not need to have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pen and fists one just like a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far more than he lets on. He does not imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he is cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to ascertain how delayed, because of the kind of kid he is and his insufficient discipline that in my opinion, his parents haven’t invested the amount of time in developing.
The sole word that he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, which will be baby talk that consists of words however, not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is limited and is apparently what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He doesn’t seem to own the thought of putting a word with an image other than what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they have find out about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay does not appear to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Within the length of the evaluations, they were asked how much screen time he’s each day. They figure that he averages 45 to 60 minutes per day; from what I’ve observed I believe it higher and nearer to 90 minutes spread throughout the day.
A product / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one using one interaction. We all lead busy lives and the few minute of a break it allows were harmless, approximately they thought.
The speech therapist described in their mind the data from a recent Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time linked with speech delays in young children.” The research “suggests the additional time children under 2 years of age spend playing with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the much more likely they’re to begin talking later.”
“According to the study, 20 percent of kids under age two spend about 30 minutes a day using screens, leading to an almost 50 percent increased threat of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and two years old.
The results of the study demonstrated that there surely is a 49% increased chance of delayed speech for every extra 30 minutes spent utilizing a touchscreen, be it a product, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Look at this for a couple moments:
• 10% of US children under age 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had use of a tablet or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a product or mobile phone.
Based on a Nielsen Study, a lot more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A current Journal of Pediatrics study revealed that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a mobile device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they use a mobile device to place their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under the age of 3 has grown significantly more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on their cognitive development.
There’s little scientific data on the consequences of long-term usage of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp escalation in young children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness keeps growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is really a well-accepted contributing factor resulting from the first introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as for example iPads, tablets, and smartphones are known to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an essential sleep hormone, which disrupts the natural bodily rhythms, leading to sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because it’s the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy is also in a position to penetrate all how you can the rear of the attention, through the eyes’natural filters, and this is the issue. Long-term exposure causes injury to the retina.
Presently, there is broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury remains out.
Pediatricians and child development experts agree totally that while passive screen time before a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games might be entertaining, it is not going to provide an abundant learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And there are developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a movie or TV running in the back ground negatively affects their development whenever a child is engaged in play and learning. This is a distraction from the duty available and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This can be a big concern: if children are left with screen-based babysitters such as for instance tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they are not reaching parents and siblings or the actual world.
You will find only so several hours per day, and the time used on screens comes at a higher price, taking time far from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under the age of three desire a well-balanced band of activities, including instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time to explore nature, handling and having fun with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers along side adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to this update, AAP had established that the typical screen time limit of a maximum of no two hours a day before the TV for children over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour each day for kids 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for children 6 years old and older.
• Under age18 months there ought to be no screen time allowed and they will not come in contact with any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development which makes them probably the most at risk of screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we have to remember that people are our children’s main role models, therefore the habits we’ve we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We have to be very aware of our own behaviors and what this means is turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad along with the TV and laptop and being in the here and now with this kids.
Kids can tell when our heads are still on the email we only keep reading our phone. By not paying attention to them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we have to establish a media leisure time every single day and spend this time around with our attention 100% centered on our youngsters and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. That is family time. Exactly the same holds true for all bedrooms. Bedrooms are created for sleeping.
The three means of making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this can become embedded into the mind a lot faster. In order to execute this, find a tune that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Have the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Cause them to sing it together and getting the tune into their head. Next, we can quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points that are in the particular text. Ensure it is short and quick, and if they obtain the hang of it, let them sing again. Following this, try building a game out of it. Select individual students to pick a term on that and change the tense out of it. This would provide them with plenty of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the light-hearted way.
2. Make it into a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into an opposition would be a lot more fun. This can often motivate them to master faster. Amongst teenagers, this can be a lot more effective whenever we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone is going to be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell a tale: Another way to produce grammar only a little easier to grasp is to instruct it in the form of storytelling. Obtain the students to make a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a line to the overall finished story. If you can find any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before end. When the entire story is completed and written on the board, let a student come up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the entire class involved and ask the students questions as to the reasons certain tenses are the direction they are. Having something to focus on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a great deal easier.
The benefits of the above methods of learning grammar are which they draw the eye of the students to new grammatical structures because it is the fun solution to learn. However, there is a massive disadvantage if these strategies are used constantly. The students may not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I think, the aforementioned approaches to learning grammar should be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can also be made fun and engaging in the following ways such as for instance:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We could teach and practice any verb tense in a wonderful way. Let the students select their favorite sports star or celebrities. Find a brief biography or write one on your own summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. Browse the bio together with your students and make sure they understand the differences. Contrast utilization of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to show comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is very good for novices including small children. Cut fully out a set of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you could use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and keep these things put what in two piles, with regards to the article. Once they have their piles ready, inquire further if they can figure out the rule themselves.
The writer Yasmin M Elias is just a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is definitely an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part-time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most readily useful seller.
Being a preschool teacher can be exciting as well as scary as you have to cope with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it provides you with a chance to be with innocent children who are able to amaze you sometimes with their unimaginable acts. At once, they are able to cause utter chaos and make you at your tethering ends. You might even get a frustration and feel helpless at times. Although some young children get adjusted to the college surroundings in much less time, an important percentage of kids take time to get acquainted with the newest environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it is difficult to regulate a lot of kids of such early age, taking the best efforts to have them involved with various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. Here is a set of different activities a preschool teacher can ingest his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a brief attention span, you must give attention to keeping activities that are short and simple to understand. The children often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that may keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to learn what happens next. You are able to arrange fun games between a couple or group of students by making use of pictures or perhaps a game which involves moving around the class to discover the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
Insurance firms art and craft activities, you can encourage the youngsters to paint their ideas and bring out creativity in them. It will also help do you know what all thoughts continue in the young mind and also learn their aspects of interest. It’ll guide them the proper usage of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and find out how these things can be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
Rather than verbally teaching certain concepts, attempt to portray them with the aid of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to understand the things more effectively. You can convey the lessons by dramatizing a component or the whole story together with your colleagues. Also, you may make utilization of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The little ones are always interested in new things and often drift off to places in the classroom should they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class as they help to stimulate mental performance and enhance memory in kids. It also supports developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As numerous children of exactly the same generation bond in a preschool, the likelihood of conflicts between them are usually high. In order to avoid this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the youngsters and also urge them to talk about their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He/she must motivate the students to be involved in group games.
Take advantage of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you’ll have creative worksheets for the kids to greatly help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You are able to keep simple pages where the little one is expected to fit similar objects, draw images about a particular topic as well as color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this particular age group have the capacity to catch more when they hear repetitive things. Try narrating exactly the same story for per week and inquire further to repeat it next time when you wait the role cards.
To make the preschool a common place, permit notes from parents or allow the little one to create his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you can have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is not any easy task and requires a lot of patience, planning innovative activities can help the kids enjoy and also make them feel comfortable.