This is the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” If you missed the very first article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him for their pediatrician.
Let me back up and offer you details on which they’re experiencing.
They’ve a three and a half year old little boy who’s a classic’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is incredibly delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a tablet and cell phone well as numerous of his peers do.
Initially, I believed it had been incredible to view him wrap his little fingers around the family iPad or his mother’s mobile phone, swiping through icons to access a really entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the overall game a couple of rounds, he swipes back to the main screen to open another app where he watches an episode of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way right into a character’s belly.
Once they make an effort to eliminate the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a fit that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the floor, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He seems to prefer the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
There are occasions when they’re the only real issues that could keep him quiet.
He has what on top look like outward indications of autism, but the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to obtain him fully evaluated until he is 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match up with autism, and believes that will be correctly diagnosed should they wait.
Based on the reading, his parents think he might be identified as having Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the overall population and tends to be heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies suggest that SPD is frequently inherited.
No body in either family has SPD, and apart from hardly any symptoms, he does not fit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they’ve is he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills that are poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a light on and off).
He is extremely physically active (especially with his constant physical activity, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to not enough discipline, but he is affectionate together with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He features a great appetite and eats virtually anything put in front of him, does well in crowds and generally around others so long as he does not need to really have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pencil and fists one such as a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far more than he lets on. He doesn’t imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he is cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to ascertain how delayed, because of the kind of kid he is and his not enough discipline that i think, his parents have not invested the time in developing.
The only word that he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, that will be baby talk that contains words although not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is bound and seems to be what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He does not seem to have the idea of putting a phrase by having an image apart from what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they’ve read about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay doesn’t appear to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Within the length of the evaluations, these were asked just how much screen time he’s each day. They figure he averages 45 to 60 minutes each day; from what I’ve observed I think it higher and nearer to 90 minutes spread through the day.
A product / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one on one interaction. We all lead busy lives and the few minute of some slack it allows appeared to be harmless, approximately they thought.
The speech therapist stated for them the info from a current Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time related to speech delays in young children.” The study “suggests the more hours children under 2 years old spend playing with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the much more likely they’re to start talking later.”
“In line with the study, 20 percent of kids under age two spend about 30 minutes a day using screens, resulting in a nearly 50 percent increased risk of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and 2 yrs old.
The outcomes of the study demonstrated that there’s a 49% increased possibility of delayed speech for every single extra 30 minutes spent using a touchscreen, be it a tablet, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Consider this for a few moments:
• 10% of US children under age 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had use of a tablet or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a product or mobile phone.
Based on a Nielsen Study, significantly more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recent Journal of Pediatrics study indicated that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a mobile device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they use a mobile device to put their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under age 3 has grown a lot more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on their cognitive development.
There is little scientific data on the effects of long-term utilization of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp increase in young children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness is growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is a well-accepted contributing factor resulting from early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as iPads, tablets, and smartphones are proven to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an essential sleep hormone, which interferes with the natural bodily rhythms, ultimately causing sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because it’s the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can be able to penetrate all how you can the trunk of a person’s eye, through the eyes’natural filters, and that’s the issue. Long-term exposure causes damage to the retina.
Presently, there’s broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury remains out.
Pediatricians and child development experts agree that while passive screen time in front of a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games might be entertaining, it is not going to provide a rich learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And you will find developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a movie or TV running in the back ground negatively affects their development when a child is engaged in play and learning. This is a distraction from the task available and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This can be a big concern: if children are left with screen-based babysitters such as for example tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they’re not interacting with parents and siblings or the true world.
There are only so several hours in one day, and enough time allocated to screens comes at a high price, taking time from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under the age of three need a well-balanced number of activities, which range from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time and energy to explore nature, handling and playing with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers alongside adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to this update, AAP had established that the general screen time limit of a maximum of no two hours each day facing the TV for children over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour per day for children 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for children 6 years old and older.
• Under age18 months there should be no screen time allowed and they ought to not come in contact with any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development which makes them the absolute most susceptible to screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we have to remember that people are our children’s main role models, therefore the habits we have we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We need to be very conscious of our personal behaviors and this implies turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with TV and laptop and being in the here and now with this kids.
Kids can tell when our heads continue to be on the email we just continue reading our phone. By not paying attention to them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we need to establish a media free time every day and spend now with this attention 100% centered on our youngsters and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. That is family time. The same holds true for all bedrooms. Bedrooms are designed for sleeping.
The three ways of making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this can become embedded into your brain a lot faster. In order to execute this, find a song that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Have the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Cause them to sing it together and obtaining the tune into their head. Next, we could quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points that are in the particular text. Ensure it is short and quick, and once they obtain the hang of it, let them sing again. After this, try making a game out of it. Select individual students to choose a term on that and change the tense out of it. This may give them a lot of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the light-hearted way.
2. Ensure it is right into a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into a competition will be a much more fun. This can often motivate them to master faster. Amongst teenagers, this can be quite a lot more effective when we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone will soon be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell a tale: Another way to create grammar only a little easier to grasp is to show it in the form of storytelling. Have the students to form a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a point to the general finished story. If you can find any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before the end. When the whole story is finished and written on the board, let students appear and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the entire class involved and ask the students questions as to the reasons certain tenses are the direction they are. Having something to focus on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a great deal easier.
The features of the aforementioned types of learning grammar are which they draw the interest of the students to new grammatical structures because it could be the fun solution to learn. However, there is a massive disadvantage if these strategies are utilized constantly. The students may not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I do believe, the above mentioned approaches to learning grammar must be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can be made fun and engaging in the next ways such as:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We can teach and practice any verb tense in a wonderful way. Allow the students choose a common sports star or celebrities. Find a brief biography or write one all on your own summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. Read the bio together with your students and ensure they understand the differences. Contrast use of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut fully out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to show comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is fantastic for novices including small children. Cut fully out a listing of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you could use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and ask them to put what in two piles, with respect to the article. Once they have their piles ready, inquire further if they are able to determine the rule themselves.
Mcdougal Yasmin M Elias is just a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is definitely an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a in your free time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most useful seller.
Being fully a preschool teacher may be exciting as well as scary when you have to deal with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it offers you a chance to be with innocent children who is able to amaze you sometimes with their unimaginable acts. At once, they can cause utter chaos and leave you at your tethering ends. You could even get a frustration and feel helpless at times. Though some young kids get adjusted to the school surroundings in much less time, a significant percentage of kids take the time to get knowledgeable about the new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it’s difficult to control a bunch of kids of such young age, taking the right efforts to get them involved in various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. Here is a list of different activities a preschool teacher can ingest his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a brief attention span, you need to focus on keeping activities that are short and an easy task to understand. The children often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts which will keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to know what are the results next. You are able to arrange fun games between a couple or band of students by using pictures or perhaps a game which involves moving round the class to find the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
By having art and craft activities, you are able to encourage the children to paint their ideas and bring out creativity in them. It can benefit do you know what all thoughts carry on in the young mind and also learn their aspects of interest. It’ll guide them the proper utilization of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and understand how these specific things should be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
Rather than verbally teaching certain concepts, make an effort to portray them with assistance from a story. Visualizing things helps the students to understand what exactly more effectively. You are able to convey the lessons by dramatizing a component or the whole story along with your colleagues. Also, you possibly can make use of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The kids are usually interested in learning new things and often drift off to places in the classroom if they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class while they help to stimulate the mind and enhance memory in kids. Additionally, it aids in developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As numerous children of the same age bracket come together in a preschool, the odds of conflicts between them are usually high. In order to avoid this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the kids and also urge them to generally share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He or she must motivate the students to take part in group games.
Make use of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you could have creative worksheets for the children to simply help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You are able to keep simple pages where the little one is expected to complement similar objects, draw images in regards to a particular topic as well as color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this particular age group have the ability to catch more if they hear repetitive things. Try narrating the exact same story for per week and inquire further to repeat it the very next time as you hold on the role cards.
To help make the preschool a common place, permit notes from parents or allow a child to bring his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you could have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students isn’t any easy task and requires lots of patience, planning innovative activities might help the kids enjoy and also make sure they are feel comfortable.