This is actually the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” If you missed the 1st article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him with their pediatrician.
I’d like to back up and give you details on which they’re experiencing.
They’ve a three and a half year old young boy who is a vintage’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is extremely delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a tablet and mobile phone extremely well as much of his peers do.
Initially, I thought it absolutely was incredible to view him wrap his little fingers around the household iPad or his mother’s cellular phone, swiping through icons to access a really entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the overall game a couple of rounds, he swipes back again to the main screen to open up another app where he watches a bout of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way in to a character’s belly.
When they make an effort to remove the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a tantrum that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the floor, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He appears to like the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
Solutions when they are the only items that can keep him quiet.
He’s what on top appear to be outward indications of autism, however the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to have him fully evaluated until he is 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match with autism, and believes which will be correctly diagnosed should they wait.
Based on their reading, his parents think he may be diagnosed with Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the general population and is often heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies claim that SPD is often inherited.
No one in either family has SPD, and apart from hardly any symptoms, he does unfit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they’ve is he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills which can be poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a gentle on and off).
He’s extremely physically active (especially along with his constant physical exercise, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to insufficient discipline, but he’s affectionate with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He has a great appetite and eats pretty much anything put before him, does well in crowds and generally around others provided that he does not need to truly have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pen and fists one such as for instance a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far more than he lets on. He does not imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he is cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to determine how delayed, due to the type of kid he’s and his insufficient discipline that i think, his parents haven’t invested the time in developing.
The only real word that he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, that is baby talk that consists of words although not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is restricted and appears to be what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He does not seem to possess the thought of putting a word with an image besides what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they’ve learn about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay doesn’t seem to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
On the length of the evaluations, they certainly were asked just how much screen time he’s each day. They figure he averages 45 to 60 minutes each day; from what I’ve observed I believe it higher and closer to 90 minutes spread throughout the day.
A product / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one using one interaction. All of us lead busy lives and the few minute of a break it allows were harmless, approximately they thought.
The speech therapist pointed out to them the info from a current Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time linked with speech delays in young children.” The research “suggests the additional time children under 2 years old spend using smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the much more likely they’re to start talking later.”
“Based on the study, 20 percent of kids under the age of two spend about 30 minutes each day using screens, resulting in a nearly 50 percent increased risk of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and couple of years old.
The results of the research demonstrated that there surely is a 49% increased chance of delayed speech for every extra 30 minutes spent using a touchscreen, be it a product, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Consider this for a few moments:
• 10% of US children under the age of 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had use of a tablet or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a tablet or mobile phone.
Based on a Nielsen Study, significantly more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recently available Journal of Pediatrics study indicated that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a portable device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they make use of a mobile device to put their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under age 3 has grown more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on the cognitive development.
There’s little scientific data on the consequences of long-term use of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp upsurge in young kids with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness is growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is really a well-accepted contributing factor resulting from early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as for example iPads, tablets, and smartphones are known to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an essential sleep hormone, which disrupts the natural bodily rhythms, ultimately causing sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because oahu is the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy is also able to penetrate all how you can the trunk of the eye, through the eyes’natural filters, and this is the issue. Long-term exposure causes injury to the retina.
Presently, there’s broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury continues to be out.
Pediatricians and child development experts agree that while passive screen time before a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games could be entertaining, it’s not going to provide an abundant learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And you can find developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a movie or TV running in the back ground negatively affects their development whenever a child is engaged in play and learning. This is a distraction from the job accessible and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This is a big concern: if kids are left with screen-based babysitters such as tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they’re not interacting with parents and siblings or the real world.
You can find only so several hours in one day, and the full time allocated to screens comes at a high price, taking time away from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under the age of three desire a well-balanced band of activities, ranging from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time for you to explore nature, handling and playing with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers alongside adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to this update, AAP had established that the general screen time limit of no more than no two hours a day before the TV for children over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour each day for children 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for kids 6 years old and older.
• Under age18 months there must be no screen time allowed and they should not come in contact with any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development which makes them the absolute most at risk of screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we need to remember that individuals are our children’s main role models, which means habits we’ve we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We have to be very conscious of our own behaviors and this means turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with the TV and laptop and being in the here and now with our kids.
Kids can tell when our heads continue to be on the email we only keep reading our phone. By not making time for them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we must begin a media spare time each and every day and spend now with your attention 100% dedicated to our children and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. That is family time. Exactly the same holds true for several bedrooms. Bedrooms are designed for sleeping.
The three means of making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this may become embedded into your brain a great deal faster. To be able to execute this, find a tune that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Obtain the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Cause them to sing it together and having the tune into their head. Following this, we can quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points that are in the actual text. Make it short and quick, and if they obtain the hang of it, let them sing again. After this, try building a game out of it. Select individual students to select a term on that and change the tense out of it. This might provide them with lots of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in ab muscles light-hearted way.
2. Allow it to be in to a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into an opposition would be a many more fun. This can often motivate them to master faster. Amongst teenagers, this can be quite a lot more efficient when we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone will be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell an account: Another way to produce grammar only a little easier to understand is to instruct it in the shape of storytelling. Have the students to make a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a point to the general finished story. If there are any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before the end. When the whole story is completed and written on the board, let students come up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the entire class involved and ask the students questions as to why certain tenses are the direction they are. Having something to focus on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a whole lot easier.
The benefits of the above ways of learning grammar are which they draw the attention of the students to new grammatical structures since it could be the fun method to learn. However, there’s a huge disadvantage if these strategies are utilized constantly. The students may not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I think, the aforementioned approaches to learning grammar should be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can be made fun and doing the next ways such as for instance:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We could teach and practice any verb tense in a wonderful way. Let the students select a common sports star or celebrities. Find a short biography or write one by yourself summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. Read the bio with your students and make sure they understand the differences. Contrast use of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut fully out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to show comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is excellent for beginners including small children. Cut right out a list of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you might use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and ask them to put the words in two piles, with regards to the article. Once they have their piles ready, question them if they could determine the rule themselves.
Mcdougal Yasmin M Elias is just a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is definitely an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part-time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a best seller.
Being truly a preschool teacher could be exciting as well as scary since you have to cope with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it provides you with a chance to be with innocent children who will amaze you sometimes with their unimaginable acts. At the same time frame, they could cause utter chaos and make you at your tethering ends. You might even get a frustration and feel helpless at times. While some young children get adjusted to the school surroundings in not as time, an important percentage of kids take care to get acquainted with the brand new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even when it is difficult to regulate a bunch of kids of such young age, taking the right efforts to get them involved in various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. This is a listing of different activities a preschool teacher can consume his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a brief attention span, you ought to give attention to keeping activities which can be short and simple to understand. The children often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that’ll keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to understand what are the results next. You are able to arrange fun games between a set or group of students by using pictures or perhaps a game which involves moving across the class to discover the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
Insurance firms art and craft activities, you are able to encourage the youngsters to paint their ideas and draw out creativity in them. It can help you know what all thoughts go on in the young mind and also learn their aspects of interest. It will guide them the proper usage of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and learn how these exact things can be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
As opposed to verbally teaching certain concepts, try to portray them with assistance from a story. Visualizing things helps the students to know the things more effectively. You can convey the lessons by dramatizing a part or the entire story along with your colleagues. Also, you possibly can make usage of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The kids are usually interested in new things and often drift off to places in the classroom should they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class as they help stimulate the brain and enhance memory in kids. In addition, it aids in developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As numerous children of the same age group bond in a preschool, the chances of conflicts between them are usually high. To avoid this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the youngsters and also urge them to generally share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He or she must motivate the students to be involved in group games.
Make use of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you could have creative worksheets for the youngsters to simply help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You can keep simple pages where the kid is expected to complement similar objects, draw images in regards to a particular topic as well as color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this kind of generation have the ability to catch more when they hear repetitive things. Try narrating the exact same story for per week and question them to repeat it next time as you hold out the role cards.
To really make the preschool a common place, permit notes from parents or allow the kid to bring his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you’ll have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students isn’t any easy task and requires lots of patience, planning innovative activities can help the kids enjoy and also make sure they are feel comfortable.